Susanna McLeod

Susanna McLeod

Glimpses of Canadian History : Email:

Canadian Women at Wartime Work

Women took on jobs when men were drafted to fight in WWII. New and challenging careers opened to women in munitions factories, sciences, and job sites – anywhere men worked. Women Took the Lead As men (and a number of women, too) trudged off to European battle sites in World War Two, their jobs in… (read more)

Goldrush in Atlin, British Columbia in 1898

In 1898, two young miners found placer gold on Pine Creek in northern BC. The gold rush was on, and the town of Atlin swelled into a boom town. Perhaps with tingles of excitement, two young men stood in the government’s Registry Office on July 30, 1898. Staking their rights, Kenny MacLaren and Fritz Miller… (read more)

Black History Month: Mifflin Gibbs, Canada’s First Black Politician

Tossing aside the chains of racism in the United States, Mifflin Gibbs came north to Canada. While discrimination was still evident in Canada, the black man could control is own life.  He could vote.  He could raise an unencumbered family.  He could run a business.  And he could participate in local government.  In Victoria, British… (read more)

Christmas Seal Campaign: the Fight Against Tuberculosis

A small paper stamp sold at Christmas brought in enough money to fund buildings and research, and help those with lung disease, now through the Canadian Lung Association Who would have thought that a stamp would build a hospital? Or that the simple stamp would provide x-rays or medical tests? A postman in Denmark thought… (read more)

Cairine Wilson, Canada’s First Woman Senator

Cairine Mackay Wilson dedicated her time to bettering the lives of women, children and refugees Cairine Wilson was born Cairine Reay Mackay on February 4, 1885 to the upper-class Mackay family who made their home in Montreal, Quebec. They were a strict Presbyterian family of Scottish background. Her father was Robert Mackay, politician and member… (read more)

“The Mad Trapper of Rat River,” a 1930s Mystery in Canada’s North

Surviving several gun battles and eluding manhunts by the Mounties for weeks, trapper Albert Johnson was cornered and shot dead. Who was Albert Johnson? The stark beauty and unusual possibilities draw adventurous spirits to Canada’s far north. Men – and women – make the arduous journey, some exploring for riches in gold or furs, others… (read more)

“The Frontenac,” the First Steamship Built in Upper Canada

The first passenger steamship built in Upper Canada was constructed at the village of Bath, on the shore of Lake Ontario. The large ship was driven by two paddle wheels. Travel in early Upper and Lower Canada was slow, difficult and, well… uncomfortable. There were no air-conditioned cars, no trains speeding along rails and certainly… (read more)

Canada’s First Patent, the Eureka Fluid Meter” in 1869

The ‘machine for measuring fluids’ was devised by William Hamilton. The owner of a productive foundry business, Hamilton was also an avid inventor. The thunderous growl of heavy machinery echoed throughout the foundry. Making steam engines for the booming locomotive industry, the St. Lawrence Foundry, Engine Works, and Machine Shop also forged castings for the… (read more)

The Battle of Courcelette: Tank Warfare on the Somme, 1916

The British first used tanks to rebuff the Germans at the Somme. Canadians and Newfoundlanders were essential in winning the brief Battle of Courcelette. The Battle of Courcelette was part of the World War I Battle of the Somme in the summer of 1916. The German Army invaded France in August 1914, and the French… (read more)

Canada’s Berliner Gram-O-Phone Company

In 1900 Emile Berliner opened Montreal’s Gram-O-Phone Company, recording music on flat gramophone discs.  The firm created “Nipper”, the now-famous dog and phonograph logo The marvellous machine called the phonograph was invented by Thomas Edison in 1877, a device that would eventually bring lilts of music into the homes and ears of avid listeners. Improved… (read more)